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Post 1 of 16

Pipe Annalysis, Revit PIpe Sizing, flow GPM

180 Views, 15 Replies
03-14-2017 07:27 AM

My question is, my cold water connection to a lav is wanting to size it to 1" using the pipe sizing tool in Revit. This should be sizing at 1/2" like the hot water is. I have checked the family, I cannot think of where else to look.

 

The only difference I notice is when I click on the HW pipe that is connected to my lav family it says in the properties box, under Mechanical that the GPM is 4, which is correct.

 

However when I click on the CW which is connected to the Lav also it reads 15 GPM which is wrong, and the Reynolds number comes up incorrect.

 

I cannot find anywhere to fix this, as its all greyed out in the properties box, I have tried to look under families in the pipe systems, I have looked in the lav family as well.

 

Its the Grey Pipe that is coming up at 21 FPS, this is due to me manually changing the size to 1/2" for Cold water.

 

In the second picture if I use the pipe size tool in Revit it bumps it up to 1", which is the 2nd picture. Which is wrong...

 

If I click on the hot water pipe that is sizing correctly from the lav family, here in the 3rd picture is the Mechanical flow gpm in the properties box. As you can see its all greyed out. and 4GPM is correct.

 

When I click on the CW pipe as you can see in the 3rd picture the Mechanical flow GPM is 15 which is incorrect, and the Reynolds number is also incorrect it should be matching the same number that the Hw is under.

 

Anyone have any ideas on how I can get the cold water to read 4GPM to size it correctly?

 

 

Inside the family its set at 1.5 HWFU, and 1.5 CWFU, there is no other areas to change in the family.

 

Post 2 of 16

Re: Pipe Annalysis, Revit PIpe Sizing, flow GPM

03-14-2017 03:19 PM in reply to: apoindexter

Hello-

 

Understanding where all these numbers come from can be a bit like unscrambling the word jumble in the daily newspaper.

 

There is a setting on the System Type called "Flow Conversion Method".  To find this, select a pipe, select the Piping Systems tab in the Ribbon, click the Edit Type button in the Properties Palette).

 

On your cold water system type, if you change your method from "Predominantly Flush Valves" to "Predominantly Flush Tanks", you should see the same results for cold water as what you are seeing for hot water.

 

However, once you have done this, and have the same flow conversion from fixture units, you will still have different Reynolds numbers, since, in addition to the flow velocity, this is dependent on the viscosity and density which are quite different at cold water temperatures vs. hot water temperatures.

 

Hope that helps,

MS



Martin Schmid, P.E.
Product Manager - Revit MEP
Architecture, Engineering, and Construction
Autodesk, Inc.

Post 3 of 16

Re: Pipe Annalysis, Revit PIpe Sizing, flow GPM

03-15-2017 06:04 AM in reply to: martin.schmid

Hello, yes this make sense. However, although it fixed the Bathroom CW lavs to be correct,  it also changed the rest of the system to be incorrect.

 

Where the piping under Flush Valves was reading 43FU, which is 47.2 GPM for a flush valve was sizing a 2"CW pipe. Once I changed the system to flush tank and used the pipe sizing tool in Revit, it changed the system to 42FU, which is 27.14 GPM, which changed the size down to 1-1/2", which is incorrect.

 

Is there a add in to help with this? Or what do you suggest to fix this?

Post 4 of 16

Re: Pipe Annalysis, Revit PIpe Sizing, flow GPM

03-15-2017 06:16 AM in reply to: apoindexter

At this point, the whole system is either defined as 'Flush Valve' or 'Flush Tank'.  

 

Are you indicating that part of the system needs to be sized as flush valve (e.g., the blue below) and part of it needs to be sized based on flush tank (as shown in orange).  How would you determine the size for the green pipe (which is some combination)?

 

2017-03-15_8-09-52.jpg



Martin Schmid, P.E.
Product Manager - Revit MEP
Architecture, Engineering, and Construction
Autodesk, Inc.

Post 5 of 16

Re: Pipe Annalysis, Revit PIpe Sizing, flow GPM

03-15-2017 06:26 AM in reply to: martin.schmid

In the example you gave, yes this would be predominantly Flush Tank. However In my case the system would be Flush Valve.

 

In the picture attached, you can see the flush valve system is all sized correctly accept for the CW going to the LAV's, its picking up 15GPM and Revit is auto sizing it with the pipe sizing tool to 1" and this is incorrect.

 

So If I manually change the pipe to the size it should be 1/2", and analyze the system it ends up showing 21 FPS which its appearing too high, although its actually correct.

Post 6 of 16

Re: Pipe Annalysis, Revit PIpe Sizing, flow GPM

03-15-2017 07:15 AM in reply to: apoindexter

The default software code written to convert "Fixture Units (FU)" to "Flow (GPM)" via Hunter’s Curve does not account for fixture units below 5FU for "Predominantly Flush Valve Supply Systems." It currently assumes 15.0 GPM for anything  ≤5FU for “Predominantly Flush Valve Supply Systems”

 

Is there anything to override this, or a add in to fix this?

Post 7 of 16

Re: Pipe Annalysis, Revit PIpe Sizing, flow GPM

03-15-2017 07:20 AM in reply to: apoindexter

Can you clarify: "In the example you gave, yes this would be predominantly Flush Tank. However In my case the system would be Flush Valve."

What is predominantly Flush Tank:  The green line?  the blue line?  the orange line?  the whole system?  how do you know?  Is this based on the quantity of fixtures (3 flush tanks vs. 1 flush valve), or is it based on fixture units (e.g., lets say the FV in that sample is 15 FU, but the FTs are only 1.5 FUs each)..

 

I may have mis-understood, but I was interpreting that you wanted part of the system sized as Flush Tank and part as Flush Valve... is that not the case?

 

I want to understand your statement better:

"42FU, which is 27.14 GPM, which changed the size down to 1-1/2", which is incorrect.  "

What is incorrect... the flow rate (27,14 GPM) or size (1-1/2")?

 

How are you determining the size?  Revit uses velocity based on the inside diameter or friction based on the inside diameter... a lot of plumbing designers us a lookup table instead (e.g., for each range of FUs, use a defined pipe size).  An add-in may be able to do this for you, or even dynamo.



Martin Schmid, P.E.
Product Manager - Revit MEP
Architecture, Engineering, and Construction
Autodesk, Inc.

Post 8 of 16

Re: Pipe Annalysis, Revit PIpe Sizing, flow GPM

03-15-2017 07:25 AM in reply to: apoindexter

Yes, please see this post: https://forums.autodesk.com/t5/revit-api-forum/usermep-calculation-addin/td-p/4968174

 



Martin Schmid, P.E.
Product Manager - Revit MEP
Architecture, Engineering, and Construction
Autodesk, Inc.

Post 9 of 16

Re: Pipe Annalysis, Revit PIpe Sizing, flow GPM

03-15-2017 07:52 AM in reply to: martin.schmid

 If it was all public, and assuming in your example the FV is 15 FU, and the Ft’s are 1.5FU, then it would be sized on the Flush Valve because it’s the greater fixture unit value. So the whole system would be sized as Flush Valve. However according to the sizing system in Revit it will not size at 1.5FU it will round up to 15GPM.

 

Everything in my example in the screen shots was being sized as a Flush Valve System.

 

My statement, "42FU, which is 27.14 GPM, which changed the size down to 1-1/2", which is incorrect.  "

What is incorrect... the flow rate (27,14 GPM) or size (1-1/2")?

            Those values where based upon the Flush Tank system and the Auto sizing the revit tool has. I tried to switch to that system to fix the Bathroom Lavs sizing and GPM, which the Flush tank system took care of. It then changed the main sizes based on a Flush Tank system, and I needed it to remain sized based on the Flush Valve System, since that pipe needs to be 2” .

 

I am attempting to use the Pipe Sizing tool in Revit to calculate this, instead of sizing it manually like I normally would. I am helping to develop a QA/QC process with this and also using the Pipe Legend to visually analyze the system.

 

In this picture my system would be predominantly flush Valve, so the LAV’s are not sizing correctly using the pipe sizing tool in Revit due to the default software code written to convert FU to GPM, since its assuming 15.0GPM for anything under 5FU under the flush valve system.

Post 10 of 16

Re: Pipe Annalysis, Revit PIpe Sizing, flow GPM

03-15-2017 07:56 AM in reply to: apoindexter

Thank you, I will look at the link. I appreciate your help.

Post 11 of 16

Re: Pipe Annalysis, Revit PIpe Sizing, flow GPM

03-15-2017 08:26 AM in reply to: apoindexter

I am facing the same problem

Post 12 of 16

Re: Pipe Annalysis, Revit PIpe Sizing, flow GPM

03-15-2017 10:43 AM in reply to: apoindexter

>> However according to the sizing system in Revit it will not size at 1.5FU it will round up to 15GPM.

OK, I see that too.

 

What flow rate values would you expect below 5 FU?  Are those in this image what you would expect... are the values below as you would expect?  Would you ever have less than 1 FU?

1 FU > 3 GPM

2 FU > 5

3 FU > 6.5 

4  FU > 8

 

 

>> Those values where based upon the Flush Tank system and the Auto sizing the revit tool has.

which values are you saying are incorrect?  The GPM or the size?

If you are referring to the size, which method are you using in the sizing tool?  Friction or Velocity, and what value for Friction or Velocity are you using.. and what type of pipe are you using?  e.g., a pipe sized at 4 GPM may be smaller than a pipe sized at 3.5 GPM.  sizing takes into account the inside diameter of the pipe.. e.g., Copper K, L, M each have different ID, so depending on what method you employ, it is possible that a slightly different velocity or a slightly different pipe size is enough to nudge the size between 1.5" vs. 2".  

 

 

>> In this picture my system would be predominantly flush Valve

So, everything in the system would be sized using the "system wide" setting for Flush Valve, but that is problematic because the table only goes down to 5 FU, is that right?

 

 

 



Martin Schmid, P.E.
Product Manager - Revit MEP
Architecture, Engineering, and Construction
Autodesk, Inc.

Post 13 of 16

Re: Pipe Annalysis, Revit PIpe Sizing, flow GPM

03-15-2017 11:23 AM in reply to: martin.schmid

"At this point, the whole system is either defined as 'Flush Valve' or 'Flush Tank'."

 

Why not make the green line (and orange, and blue for that matter) user definable? I think you and I could both come up with a situation where the green line should be flush valve or flush tank. Divide the system at the Tee and each system has flush tank or flush valve sizing options. Then I can use an addin to get the Flow Conversion Method parameter, and the Fixture Units of each pipe and size it based on my own defined lookup table that you referenced.  

 

Defaulting to 15 GPM on systems that can only be defined entirely as flush valve kind of makes the auto-size feature useless, as most of the pipes to the small fixtures will be way oversized. 

 

Post 14 of 16

Re: Pipe Annalysis, Revit PIpe Sizing, flow GPM

03-15-2017 04:40 PM in reply to: mwilson1

Hi mwilson:

 

"Why not make the green line (and orange, and blue for that matter) user definable? I think you and I could both come up with a situation where the green line should be flush valve or flush tank."

The spirit of my question was understanding if the system as a whole is flush tank or flush valve, or if section of piping in a system need to be evaluated as to if they are predominantly one or the other.  Sounds like you're advocating for the each section needs to be evaluated option?   

 

 >> Then I can use an addin to get the Flow Conversion Method parameter, and the Fixture Units of each pipe and size it based on my own defined lookup table that you referenced.  

Realistically, there is nothing stopping an add-in developer from doing this now.  One doesn't need to use our built-in FU to GPM table to do this, particularly if the logic is Fixture Units to SIze lookup. 

 

>> Defaulting to 15 GPM on systems that can only be defined entirely as flush valve kind of makes the auto-size feature useless, as most of the pipes to the small fixtures will be way oversized. 

Understood.. what fixture unit/flow rates would you expect below the 15 gpm threshold?

Would a fixture units to Size Lookup be preferred?  Why?

 

 

 

 

 

 



Martin Schmid, P.E.
Product Manager - Revit MEP
Architecture, Engineering, and Construction
Autodesk, Inc.

Highlighted
Post 15 of 16

Re: Pipe Annalysis, Revit PIpe Sizing, flow GPM

03-16-2017 08:30 AM in reply to: martin.schmid

"The spirit of my question was understanding if the system as a whole is flush tank or flush valve, or if section of piping in a system need to be evaluated as to if they are predominantly one or the other.  Sounds like you're advocating for the each section needs to be evaluated option?"

 

Sorry if I misunderstood your question. Yes, I absolutely think that each section needs to be evaluated as the user defines it. Using fixture units to size piping is a guideline, not a rule. As you know, when sizing piping for a sports arena for example, fixture units go right out the window, since they're not appropriate. Being able to define sections of the system with different sizing methods, such as fixture units to gpm to pipe size or gpm to pipe size, would really help the automatic sizing be more robust. 

 

"Understood.. what fixture unit/flow rates would you expect below the 15 gpm threshold?"

 

I just found the Revit addin which allows me to define flow rates below 5 FU/15 GPM, which I believe is the holy grail. Since the IPC doesn't define these values, rather than me saying what I think it should be, and hard coding that into the software, giving the user the option to define those values is absolutely perfect. Honestly it just makes me beam with excitement that the auto sizing feature may actually be useful on a future project.

 

"Would a fixture units to Size Lookup be preferred?  Why?"

 

I don't mean to sound like a broken record, but a user definable option would be best IMHO. I just mentioned that option because you mentioned it, and was trying to point out that with sizing plumbing piping there is more than one way to skin a cat. It's not an exact science.

 

Much obliged. 

Post 16 of 16

Re: Pipe Annalysis, Revit PIpe Sizing, flow GPM

03-23-2017 08:33 PM in reply to: mwilson1

Butting in late in the thread sorry.

 

>> Would a fixture units to Size Lookup be preferred?  Why?

Yes.

Because IPC is valid in 35 US states and Guam, according to their own data. The whole rest of the world would also like to use fixture unit to flow conversion.

 

Source; http://www.iccsafe.org/international-code-adoptions/

 

 

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