## Simulation Mechanical and Multiphysics

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# Results Interpretation

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hi

can any one help decipher this warning? you help is appreciated. thanks

Reaction Sums and Maxima for Load Case 1

Sum of applied forces

X-Force Y-Force Z-Force X-Moment Y-Moment Z-Moment

-1.3310E+03 1.9263E+02 -2.6435E+05 -4.8379E-04 -4.4756E-04 -1.6871E-04

Sum of reactions

X-Force Y-Force Z-Force X-Moment Y-Moment Z-Moment

1.4116E-03 -3.2967E-04 2.4367E-04 4.9313E-04 2.2426E-03 6.4652E-05

Sum of residuals

X-Force Y-Force Z-Force X-Moment Y-Moment Z-Moment

-1.3310E+03 1.9262E+02 -2.6435E+05 9.3428E-06 1.7951E-03 -1.0406E-04

Sum of unfixed direction residuals

X-Force Y-Force Z-Force X-Moment Y-Moment Z-Moment

1.1283E-02 4.7994E-04 -7.4321E-04 9.3428E-06 1.7951E-03 -1.0406E-04

Largest applied forces and moments

Node Node Node Node Node Node

X-Force Y-Force Z-Force X-Moment Y-Moment Z-Moment

400698 104274 400263 276492 104640 104640

-2.3963E+03 4.7155E+03 -3.8027E+05 -1.4074E-03 -1.4566E-03 -1.1498E-03

Largest nodal reactions

Node Node Node Node Node Node

X-Force Y-Force Z-Force X-Moment Y-Moment Z-Moment

1513 1513 400263 276492 104640 104640

-9.6575E+03 1.0429E+04 3.8027E+05 1.4074E-03 1.4567E-03 1.1499E-03

Largest nodal residuals

Node Node Node Node Node Node

X-Force Y-Force Z-Force X-Moment Y-Moment Z-Moment

1513 1513 23859 274561 131245 225395

-9.6575E+03 1.0429E+04 2.9406E+03 -1.5342E-05 8.5274E-04 4.8354E-04

Largest unfixed direction residuals

Node Node Node Node Node Node

X-Force Y-Force Z-Force X-Moment Y-Moment Z-Moment

131245 152450 131188 274561 131245 225395

6.3964E-03 1.0447E-03 -1.9315E-04 -1.5342E-05 8.5274E-04 4.8354E-04

ASIMM 2012

# Re: Results Interpretation

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ASIMM 2012

# Re: Results Interpretation

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I don't see a warning or error, so perhaps you just want a description of the output. (By the way, this text comes from the Summary file that can be viewed in the Report environment.)

- The "applied forces", "reactions", and "residuals" are the same as the "Results Contours > Other Results > Reactions > Applied Force", "Internal Force", and "Reaction Force (Negative)" that can be viewed in the Results environment.
- Hopefully it is obvious that the "sum of" is the sum of the results at each node, broken into each of the 6 directions.
- The "unfixed direction" results are an indication of a problem in the solution. If any of the unfixed directions are nonzero, it indicates that some of the applied loads are "leaking" out of the model; that is, some of the load is not going to the ground through any of the constraints.

In my opinion, the only rows of interest are "residuals" so that you can confirm the load applied is what you think it is, and "unfixed directions" which would indicate a solution problem.

Let us know if you have any other questions.

Mechanical Engineer

Pittsburgh, PA

16 years experience with Simulation Mechanical

# Re: Results Interpretation

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thank you john for the reply.

so the sum of applied forces and sum of reactions need not be equal?

I am using surface contact in linear analysis? do you think that my be the reason for my leakage?

ASIMM 2012

# Re: Results Interpretation

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Once again, the "sum of reactions" in the list **is not** the reaction forces and moments that we engineers work with. I have never gotten a clear understanding of the "sum of reactions" in the list other than it is something of interest to the Ph.D. F.E.A. programmers. What we engineers call the reaction forces is the item "sum of residuals" in the list, except the "sum of residuals" is not the reaction force on the model but the reaction force on the environment. (Techinically speaking, "sum of residuals" = "sum of applied loads" + or - "sum of reactions", if that helps your understanding.)

What I see in your model is that the engineering reaction forces ("sum of residuals") equals the applied loads ("sum of applied forces"). This is the correct answer. Also, the "unfixed directional residuals" are very small, especially compared to the single largest applied load (6E-3 versus 4.7E+3), so I do not see any evidence of applied loads leaking out of the model. What result are you looking at that makes you think some of your applied loads are not going into the supports?

Mechanical Engineer

Pittsburgh, PA

16 years experience with Simulation Mechanical

# Re: Results Interpretation

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okay.I made that leaking statement before i noticed negative powers.

Anyway Thank you very much john.

ASIMM 2012