Does Algor CFD work well for simulating wind through buildings (exteriors) and over piles of dirt?
We have clients wanting us to do wind analysis in certain areas. I'm downloading the SimulationExpress program now, but I can't tell from the descriptions if it includes the CFD package. Guess I'll find out in a few minutes. Edited by: firstname.lastname@example.org on Apr 27, 2010 3:39 PM
Wind through buildings: Yes, this is a typical external flow, in modeling, a box needs to be added to enclose the building, just image the how wind tunnel works in reality.
Flow over piles of dirt: No. This is a process of multiphase flow which invloves are the air and moving of the dirt particles. AlgoR CFD does not support multiphase flow at this point.
Hi Jianhui Xie,
Are there any tutorials on how to perform an external flow analysis in Algor? I cant find any in the Algor help/tutorial. I am a new Algor user and any help would be great.
Thanks in advance
Algor CFD works very well for internal and external air flow.
I've done two examples of such problems, you can see the results here:
If you want to simulate wind over piles of settled dust (that is that the pile is considered rigid for a given wind flow), that is possible being a classical external flow problem, however if you want to simulate the dirt particles as well than its not possible with Algor CFD.
As far as I know Simulation express does NOT have CFD feature.
Please see attached Algor CFD model for external flow. It's flow through 2-D submarine with 10 degree attack angle, it's an easy 2-D model but illustrate many concepts in CFD external flow modeling. What I did was doing 2-D sketch in CAD and import 2D geometry (fluid domain only) to Autodesk Algor simulation.
This model is a full model with ready result, as Autodesk Algor user, you can open and see all the pre-simulated result. Also you can play around to change BCs, meshing, change to unsteady analsysis fo transient effects etc.
Basically the modeling for extensive flow is like putting the obstacles in wind tunnel or water tunnel. External flow
And below are some other hints of external flow modeling for your information.
(a) Modeling in fluid domain only. If you make models from solid parts/assembly in CAD, you need generate fluid domains either by Boolean operation in CAD or fluid general generation in Algor. Note that Algor allows multiple fluid parts for complicated models.
(b) Result accuracy (selected major factors)
1) Eliminate/reduce wall effect, this is a complicated topic, refer experimental aerodynamics for more details. Since the simulated obstacles is always put inside an enclosure (like wind/water tunnels), the size of the enclosure will affect result accuracy. Ideally the larger enclosure, the less effect it will be, but it brings more expensive computational cost (under same mesh size). In attached model, the symmetrical velocity BCs were specified on the top and bottom wall, which have less wall effect than complete wall.
2) Distance to inlet and outlet, it is suggested to set proper distance from the obstacles, the specified constant velocity or pressure at inlet or outlet will impact the whole flow pattern in incompressible flow.
3) Mesh size. Accurate CFD result needs mesh study for solution dependency on mesh.
(c) Solution robustness
Set fixed velocity inlet and zero pressure outlet (or Algor's inlet/outlet at outlet) gives best convergence combination, and this is close the condition in wind tunnel experiment.
There are many considerations for solution robustness and convergence. Sorry I can't put here for lengthy.
Sr. Software Engineer
285 Kappa Drive
Pittsburgh, PA 15238