Great question. No, .f3d cannot open in Inventor. However, In Fusion 360 if you go under the 3 bar menu and use Export you can output to your desktop a number of CAD formats that open in Inventor. Try .STEP it's a little more friendly with translating materials and assemblies.
Also, just FYI there is a Fusion 360 discussion forum here. This forum is related, but it's for Inventor Fusion which is a different program.