Same problem running Maya on Mavricks. Saw something about an ASR Folder is in the wrong place on a PC. Searched and don't see this folder on the Mac
Mavericks in not yet support for Maya 2014 from licensing perspective. Apple has made certain changes in Mavericks OS that doesnt allow 2014 licensing to work fine. (This is NOT applicable to ACAD 2014 which was released just this month and has support for Mavericks as well)
You need to either rollback to Mountain Lion or wait for a while until a new update is released for Maya to support Mavericks.
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